Modal formulae express monadic secondorder properties on kripke frames, but in many important cases these have firstorder equivalents. A completeness theorem for continuous predicate modal logic. A modal is an expression like necessarily or possibly that is used to qualify the truth of a judgement. Starting from free quantified modal logic k, with or without identity. Basic concepts in modal logic1 stanford university. This paper is a small step towards answering questions like. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise cambridge core to connect with your account. However, the term modal logic may be used more broadly for a family of. We initiate the study of computable model theory of modal logic, by proving effective completeness theorems for a variety of firstorder modal logics. The journal of symbolic logic volume 24, number 1, march 1959 a completeness theorem in modal logic saul a. One is to explain what modal logic is, and how it is done.
Completeness and correspondence i n the first and second order semantics for modal logic hennk sahlqvist university of oslo, oslo, norway 0. Completeness and correspondence in the first and second. Kripke the present paper attempts to state and prove a completeness theorem for the system s5 of 1, supplemented by firstorder quantifiers and the sign of equality. Constructive completeness for modal logic with transitive closure. Fractal completeness techniques in topological modal logic. Classical modal logic with transitive closure appears as a subsystem of logics used for program verification.
Hybrid formulas and elementarily generated modal logics hodkinson, ian, notre dame journal of formal. A completeness theorem in modal logic1 cambridge core. Pdf on jan 1, 1991, marcus kracht and others published internal definability and completeness in modal logic find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. Pdf arithmetical completeness theorem for modal logic k. About the open logic project the open logic text is an opensource, collaborative textbook of formal meta logic and formal methods, starting at an intermediate level i. Polyadic and hybrid extensions of the algorithm sqema.
Lecture notes modal logic linguistics and philosophy. Pdf on some completeness theorems in modal logic david. It makes a close link between model theory that deals with what is true in different models, and proof theory that studies what can be formally proven in particular formal systems. And you cant really learn about anything in logic without getting your hands dirty and doing it. Hallden completeness for relevant modal logics seki, takahiro, notre dame journal of formal logic, 2015. In the early 1940s, tarski showed that the modal logic s4 can be interpreted in topological spaces. The other is to give a detailed survey of the large variety of modal logic systems found in the literature, with an eye to both their formal properties consistency, completeness and their philosophi.
W is called our universe and elements of w are called worlds r is a relation on w. Mattey june 11, 2001 1 the dimensions of modal predicate logic modal predicate logic mpl is based on predicate logic pl. Pdf algorithmic correspondence and completeness in modal. Completeness soundness for a system s says that its theorems are svalid, valid in all sframes. The algebraic perspective adds a new dimension to the theory of modal logic. About the open logic project the open logic text is an opensource, collaborative textbook of formal metalogic and formal methods, starting at an intermediate level i. I f we impose no restrictions on the class of structures, then the resulting logic is the wellknown modal logic k.
Completeness says that every svalid w is provable in s. Computing such equivalents is important for both logical and computational reasons. That essay was focused on the philosophy of semantics for modal logics, with special attention to completeness results. We assume that we possess a denumerably infinite list. Completeness in modal logic lund university publications. Chapter 1 modal logics of space institute for logic. A formalization of a henkinstyle completeness proof for. Koch curve, limit tree, and the real line tamar lando and darko sarenacy july 16, 2011 abstract this paper explores the connection between fractal geometry and topological modal logic.
First we dene the syntax and semantics of the logic, and introduce computability into the semantics. A general strategy for proving completeness theorems for quantified modal logics is provided. The chellas text in uenced me the most, though the order of presentation is inspired more by goldblatt. Firstorder modal logic we will prove an eective completeness theorem for rstorder constant domain modal logic, with the basic and modalities. Csli, 1987, george hughes and max cresswell an introduction to modal logic. Completeness and canonical models open logic project. Kripke, a completeness theorem in modal logic, journal of. Tools and techniques in modal logic marcus kracht ii. Hybrid formulas and elementarily generated modal logics hodkinson, ian, notre. Neighborhood semantics for modal logic an introduction.
Modal logic in classical logic, it is only important whether a formula is true in modal logic, it is also important in which way mode state a formula is true a formula a proposition is necessarily possibly true true today tomorrow believed known true before after an action the execution of a program. Correspondence and completeness theory are classical and welldeveloped areas of modal logic. As humberstone notes, the issue of post completeness in congruential modal logics is not well understood. Modal logic is a type of formal logic primarily developed in the 1960s that extends classical propositional and predicate logic to include operators expressing modality. Each logical system comes with both a syntactic component, which among other things determines the notion of provability, and a semantic component, which determines the notion of logical validity. This chapter ends with an analysis of the concept of truth, in which it is. The logic can be axiomatized with a hilbert system. Giovanna corsi 2002 journal of symbolic logic 67 4. In particular that means that if k then is true in all models. A modala word that expresses a modalityqualifies a statement. Algorithmic correspondence and completeness in modal logic.
Deduction rules are just modus ponens and necessitation. Logic literacy includes knowing what metalogic is all about. The standard system of deduction in rstorder modal logic is normal modal logic, denoted k, which consists of all the inference rules and axiom schema of rstorder logic,3 plus the following rule and scheme. We study a modal extension of the continuous firstorder logic of ben yaacov and pedersen j symb logic 751. Pdf internal definability and completeness in modal logic. Syntax we dene a rstorder modal language l over a given set of relation symbols.
Firstorder modal logic, topological semantics, completeness. We prove that our system is sound with respect to a kripke semantics and, building on ben yaacov and pedersen 2010. The main goal of the corse is to understand the basic techniques, results and applications of neighborhood semantics for modal logic and to understand the exact relationship with the standard relational semantics. Though aimed at a nonmathematical audience in particular, students of philosophy and computer science, it is rigorous. Modal logic is, strictly speaking, the study of the deductive behavior of the expressions it is necessary that and it is possible that. Arithmetical completeness theorem for modal logic k article pdf available in studia logica 1062. On the other hand, canonicity of modal formulae is important, too, because it implies framecompleteness of logics axiomatized with. Algebraic logic is a discipline which uses tools and techniques from universal algebra to study logic. They are general enough to also apply to other modal systems. The term modal logic refers to an enrichment of standard formal logic where the standard operations and, or, not, implication and perhaps forall, etc. The correspondence between modal languages and predicate logic depends on where one. Cylindric modal logic venema, yde, journal of symbolic logic, 1995.
This will allow such sentences as 9x fx, in which a modal operators occurs in the scope of aquan. Cambridgeuniversitypress,1980,robertgoldblattlogics of time andcomputation, stanford. For example, the statement john is happy might be qualified by saying that john is usually happy, in which case the term usually is functioning as. Pdf to text batch convert multiple files software please purchase personal license. A unified completeness theorem for quantified modal logics. Completeness results for intuitionistic and modal logic in. We illustrate, with three examples, the interaction between boolean and modal connectives by looking at the role of truthfunctional reasoning in the provision of completeness proofs for normal modal logics. Reyesbv2 a department of mathematics, mcgill university, burnside hall, 805 sherbrooke street west, montreal, quebec, canada h3a 2k6.
The present article shows that in contrast to normal modal. Pdf on sep 1, 2017, antonis achilleos and others published the completeness problem for modal logic find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. What kinds of completeness results are there in modal logic. Modal logic which is usually interpreted over relation structures or kripke frames can also be seen as a boolean algebra with operators baos.
W e introduce the completeness problem for modal logic and examine its complexity. Preface these notes were composed while teaching a class at stanford and studying the work of brian chellas modal logic. Kripke published in 1959 a proof of completeness for firstorder s5 and in 19631 an. Ernst zimmermann 2003 journal of logic, language and information 12 1.
These notes are meant to present the basic facts about modal logic and so to provide a common. A guide to completeness and complexity for modal logics of. We formulate a natural definition of a decidable kripke model, and show how to construct such a decidable kripke model of a given decidable theory. Actualism, serious actualism, and quantified modal logic hanson, william h. Applied logic annals of pure and applied logic 72 1995 25101 completeness results for intuitionistic and modal logic in a categorical setting m. Kripke completeness revisited university of helsinki. Its syntax is generated by adding modal operators to the syntax of pl.1166 353 800 1011 1290 1119 921 799 998 981 625 877 1636 439 1199 282 1006 333 853 1554 918 1561 844 1101 645 1551 48 353 147 1560 88 456 1360 702 652 634 1423 1257 1340 1384 436 272 1459 529 887 1179 411